Rajeev Alur, Limor Fix, and Thomas A. Henzinger
We introduce event-recording automata. An event-recording automaton is a timed automaton that contains, for every event a, a clock that records the time of the last occurrence of a. The class of event-recording automata is, on one hand, expressive enough to model (finite) timed transition systems and, on the other hand, determinizable and closed under all boolean operations. As a result, the language-inclusion problem is decidable for event-recording automata. We present a translation from timed transition systems to event-recording automata, which leads to an algorithm for checking if two timed transition systems have the same set of timed behaviors.
We also consider event-predicting automata, which contain clocks that predict the time of the next occurrence of an event. The class of event-clock automata, which contain both event-recording and event-predicting clocks, is a suitable specification language for real-time properties. We provide an algorithm for checking if a timed automaton meets a specification that is given as an event-clock automaton.
Theoretical Computer Science 211:253-273, 1999. A preliminary version appeared in the Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Computer-Aided Verification (CAV), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 818, Springer, 1994, pp. 1-13.