Environment Assumptions for Synthesis

Krishnendu Chatterjee, Thomas A. Henzinger, and Barbara Jobstmann

The synthesis problem asks to construct a reactive finite-state system from an omega-regular specification. Initial specifications are often unrealizable, which means that there is no system that implements the specification. A common reason for unrealizability is that assumptions on the environment of the system are incomplete. We study the problem of correcting an unrealizable specification g by computing an environment assumption a such that the new specification a ⇒ g is realizable. Our aim is to construct an assumption a that constrains only the environment and is as weak as possible. We present a two-step algorithm for computing assumptions. The algorithm operates on the game graph that is used to answer the realizability question. First, we compute a safety assumption that removes a minimal set of environment edges from the graph. Second, we compute a liveness assumption that puts fairness conditions on some of the remaining environment edges. We show that the problem of finding a minimal set of fair edges is computationally hard, and we use probabilistic games to compute a locally minimal fairness assumption.

Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5201, Springer, 2008, pp. 147-161.

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